Chapter 8.1 : Introduction to Information Skills and Systems

An information system has a purpose in that it addresses the need(s) of a group or an individual. It performs the information processes of collecting, organising, analysing, storing/retrieving, processing, transmitting/receiving and displaying. Information processes involve computer and non-computer activities.For the processes to occur, participants (people), data/information and informationtechnologies (hardware and software) are required. The purpose for an informationsystem defines who it is for and what they need. Information systems give riseto ethical issues for people directly and indirectly involved with them. Theyhave a social impact on the environment in which they operate.
Syllabus Outcomes
A student:
  • P1.1 describes the nature of information processes and information technology
  • P1.2 classifies the functions and operations of information processes and information technology
  • P2.1 identifies and describes the information processes within an information system
  • P2.2 recognises and explains the interdependence between each of the information processes
  • P3.1 identifies and describes social and ethical issues
  • P4.1 describes the historical developments of information systems and relates these to current and emerging technologies.


  1. Information Systems in Context
  2. Information Processes
  3. The Nature and Data of Information
  4. Reasons for Digital Data Representation
  5. Social and Ethical Issues